PRODIGY – Process development in gas-solid photocatalytic CO2 reduction

Sustainable products from CO2 and light

The use of CO2 to produce fine chemicals and fuels offers an excellent solution to combat global warming and the energy crisis at the same time. Solutions for this problem are searched intensively worldwide. In “PRODIGY”, the partners produce (nano) materials which, as so-called photocatalysts, can convert CO2 into useful products in an environmentally friendly manner using sunlight. This “artificial photosynthesis” is not an easy process, since CO2 is an extremely stable and unreactive molecule. Measured against the state-of-the-art in academic research, the yields and reaction rates must be increased by orders of magnitude to be of industrial interest. The researchers now want to manufacture products of higher value, such as lower alcohols, aldehydes, or carboxylic acids, so that even low reaction rates become economically attractive. The production of synthesis gas (CO + H2) would be an alternative starting point for an industrial value chain. To achieve the target reactions, additional reaction partners must be supplemented, which should preferably be obtained from biogas, so that the process remains sustainable. Therefore, the strategic design of the materials, the reaction engineering-based optimization of the experimental parameters, and an approach to life cycle analysis are crucial for the project’s success.

Innovations in material design and process concepts

The main innovative approaches of the project can be divided into three categories: First, the synthesis of nano materials that can use as much sunlight as possible is a critical aspect for increasing efficiency. In addition, the ability of the materials to bind CO2 is another crucial factor. Second, the formation of valuable products from CO2 often requires reactions at high temperatures. For example, synthesis gas is produced from CO2 and CH4 at more than 600 degrees celsius. The strategic design of materials with catalytic and lightabsorbing properties enables the combination of heat and light, so that the reactions take place at lower temperatures and valuable energy is saved. Completely new reaction paths also become accessible. Third, the life cycle-related assessment of environmental properties and costs (life cycle assessment and life cycle costing) provides crucial information about the processes developed in “PRODIGY”, whereby their scaling to an industrial scale is taken into account. This ensures that the processes developed are truly sustainable.

Broad expertise in a strong consortium

The consortium jointly pursues the three innovative approaches mentioned above. Researchers of the Technical University of Berlin and the Carl-von-Ossietzky- University of Oldenburg develop new tailor-made photocatalysts with the required properties (optoelectronic and structural), primarily based on inexpensive carbon nitride. The use of critical raw materials is largely avoided. The academical groups of the coordinating Leibniz- Institut für Katalyse e. V. at the University of Rostock, the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, and the Technical University of Berlin test the manufactured materials, optimize the reaction conditions, evaluate the most important structural and electronic properties, and give feedback to improve efficiency and to form products of higher value. Researchers of the Institute for Technology Assessment and System Analysis at the Institute for Technology Karlsruhe perform sustainability studies to enable the partners to concentrate on ecologically and economically sensible ways already from the project start. The project‘s results, materials, and optimized processes should ultimately be of interest to the chemical industry as environmentally friendly alternatives.

Prodigy project sheet download

Contact

Prof. Dr. Jennifer Strunk


Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse e. V. an der Universität Rostock,
Albert-Einstein-Str. 29a
18059 Rostock
Phone: 0381 12810
E-Mail: jennifer.strunk@catalysis.de

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